Saccharin sodium is a commonly used synthetic sweetener in the food industry, and it has the longest history, but it is also the most controversial synthetic sweetener. The sweetness of saccharin sodium is 300-500 times sweeter than sucrose, and is not decomposed in the organism, which is excreted by the kidneys. But its toxicity is not strong, the controversy mainly in its carcinogenic nature. Recent studies have shown that saccharin may not be carcinogenic, but is associated with sodium and high protein urine in rats. The anion of saccharin can be used as a carrier of sodium ions to change the physiological properties of urine.
Saccharin was discovered by American scientists in 1878 and was soon accepted by the food industry and consumers. It is not absorbed by the human body metabolism, in a variety of food production process is very stable. The disadvantage is that the flavor is poor, has the later bitter, this causes its application to be certain limits.
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