1. Preventive medication
Preoperative cleansing is usually applied only once, and is usually used when anesthesia is induced. If the operation is long or the amount of bleeding is large, a second dose may be given during surgery.
2. Therapeutic drugs
(1) Begin treatment with as many pathogens as possible by culturing, smearing, serological examination, X-rays, etc. No antibiotics are needed if the virus is infected.
(2) When the culture results are not available, empirical drugs may be judged based on symptoms, signs, biochemistry, and radiological findings. However, prior to the use of antibiotics, sputum, blood, or sterile secretions must be given.
(3) Types of antibiotics According to the condition, light orally or intramuscularly, those with severe conditions may be intravenously administered, and critically ill patients may be combined with two kinds of antibiotics.
(4) The application of antibiotics is generally 3 days. If no improvement is observed, other antibiotics can be used; if the culture is positive, drug susceptibility is not sensitive to the antibiotics used, but clinical conditions can be improved, such as cultured bacteria sensitive to drugs, and clinical Without improvement, other sensitive antibiotics may be used instead.